Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA

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The metacarpals (except for the thumb metacarpal) are relatively immobile, owing to Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA numerous Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA connections in the palm. The unique thumb metacarpal articulates with the trapezium through a saddle-type joint known as the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint.

The thumb also has the unique feature of possessing only having 2 dogs activity, proximal and distal, and thus only 1 interphalangeal joint. The remainder of the fingers are made up of 3 phalanges, each of which is a short tubular structure joined to the others through the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints. The lower extremities are mirrored paired structures.

The lower Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA starts at the Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA and extends to the toes. The os coxae, or hip bone (see the images below), is occasionally (and incorrectly) considered part Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA the axial skeleton. It is a fusion of 3 bones bilaterally (6 total): ilium, ischium, and pubis.

The ilium is a large, curving flat-type bone that connects the sacrum to the pelvic girdle. It has a very broad area of muscle attachment and many palpable bony prominences, such as the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS). The ischium attaches to the ilium at the acetabulum and makes up the bony floor of the pelvis.

Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA also has many muscular and ligamentous attachments. It is the bone that one sits on when seated. The pubis also connects to the ilium and ischium at the acetabulum and forms the superior anterior portion of Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA ring. The anterior midline bony prominence that can be palpated represents the pubic bones coming together in the front at the symphysis pubis.

The 3 bones are fused and contribute to the acetabulum, a cup-shaped fossa that is the socket of the ball-and-socket hip joint (see the image below). In addition to the spine, the hip bone is the most important source of bone Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA in adult life. The femur (see the images below) is the longest and strongest Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA the human bones. Proximally, the femur is the ball of the ball-and-socket joint of the hip (a highly congruent joint).

The femoral head is grossly spherical in nature, permitting a great deal of joint motion in all planes. It has a tenuous blood supply and Sinografin (Diatrizoate Meglumine and Iodipamide Meglumine Injection)- FDA sensitive to avascular necrosis.

The femoral head is attached to the femur Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA the femoral neck. The femoral neck is angled approximately 135 degrees in the coronal plane and approximately 20-30 degrees in the sagittal plane relative to the femoral shaft, with allowances for lateral offset of the shaft. This orientation gives the muscles working around this joint much more power, because of their extended lever arm. The femoral shaft is long and tubular, with a gentle bow in Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA anteroposterior direction.

It terminates Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA the femoral condyles, which make up half of the knee joint. The patella (see the image below) is essentially a giant sesamoid bone. It lies within the tendon of the quadriceps femoris and moves the tendon away from the center of joint rotation to give the muscles a greater mechanical ability to move the joint in extension.

The patella can be subjected to as much as 8 times a person's body weight when the knee is actively in use. It has the thickest articular cartilage of any bone and rides in a groove between the medial and lateral femoral condyles (known as the trochlea). The tibia (see the images below), commonly referred to as the shin bone, starts proximally as a wide, nearly flat surface called the tibial plateau, with which the femoral condyles articulate to form the knee joint. Because the condyles are rounded and the plateau is minimally concave, this joint is inherently unstable and requires multiple soft tissue supporting structures for stability.

The knee joint mostly flexes and extends but does allow some internal and external rotation. The tibial shaft is triangular and detachment posterior vitreous and, like the femur, has a slight bow.

It terminates at the ankle joint, where the tibia Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA a Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA weight-bearing portion of the ankle (the plafond) and the medial stabilizer of the joint (the medial malleolus). At the knee, the fibular head articulates (minimally) with the Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA tibia and is crucial for the attachment of soft tissues, including the lateral collateral ligament (LCL), for knee stability.

The midshaft of the fibula has muscular attachments but is not essential and is often harvested if vascularized bone Arranon (Nelarabine)- FDA are needed for reconstructions.

The distal end makes up the strong tibiofibular joint and the lateral aspect of the ankle joint. The fibula and tibia are tightly connected through a set of strong soft tissue ligaments called the syndesmotic complex. The talus has 2 distinct regions: body and head.



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