Friuli mappa comuni

 

Location of Cagliari in Sardinia: Coordinates: Coordinates: Country: Italy: Region: Sardinia: Province / Metropolitan city: Cagliari (CA) Frazioni: Pirri: Government

Clockwise from top: Night view of Brescia with the New Cathedral and the Tower of Pégol (right), Capitolium (UNESCO Heritage), Castle of Brescia , Panorama of Brescia ...

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Friuli mappa comuni

Founded over 3,200 years ago, Brescia (in antiquity Brixia) has been an important regional centre since pre-Roman times. Its old town contains the best-preserved Roman public buildings in northern Italy [3] [4] and numerous monuments, among these the medieval castle, the Old and New cathedral , the Renaissance Piazza della Loggia and the rationalist Piazza della Vittoria .

The monumental archaeological area of the Roman forum and the monastic complex of San Salvatore-Santa Giulia have become a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of a group of seven inscribed as Longobards in Italy, Places of Power . [5]

Brescia is considered the industrial capital of Italy. [6] The metallurgy and the production of machine tools and firearms are of particular economic significance, along with mechanical and automotive engineering. The major companies based in the city are utility company A2A , steel producer Lucchini , firearms manufacturer Beretta , shotgun producer Perazzi , machine tools manufacturer Camozzi and gas control manufacturer Cavagna Group.

Location of Cagliari in Sardinia: Coordinates: Coordinates: Country: Italy: Region: Sardinia: Province / Metropolitan city: Cagliari (CA) Frazioni: Pirri: Government

Clockwise from top: Night view of Brescia with the New Cathedral and the Tower of Pégol (right), Capitolium (UNESCO Heritage), Castle of Brescia , Panorama of Brescia ...

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Cagliari was the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 1324 to 1848, when Turin became the formal capital of the kingdom (which in 1861 became the Kingdom of Italy ). Today the city is a regional cultural, educational, political and artistic centre, known for its diverse Art Nouveau architecture and several monuments. [7] It is also Sardinia's economic and industrial hub, having one of the biggest ports in the Mediterranean Sea , an international airport , and the 106th highest income level in Italy (among 8,092 comuni ), comparable to that of several northern Italian cities. [8]

It is also the seat of the University of Cagliari , [9] founded in 1607, and of the Primate Roman Catholic archdiocese of Sardinia , [10] [11] since the 5th century AD.

Cagliari has been inhabited since ancient times. It occupies a favourable position between the sea and a fertile plain and is surrounded by two swamps (which provides defence against attacks from the inland). There are high mountains nearby, to which people could evacuate if the settlement had to be given up. Relics of prehistoric inhabitants were found in the hill of Monte Claro ( Monte Claro culture ) and in Cape Sant'Elia (several domus de janas ).